Human Subjects Research: Institutional Review Board (IRB)
The IRB is a federally-mandated body established under the DHHS regulations for the Protection of Human Subjects (45 CFR 46). Its purpose is to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects recruited to participate in research activities conducted under the auspices of Eastern Washington University (EWU).
Research involving human subjects must be reviewed and approved by the IRB prior to initiation of the research. This requirement applies to all human subject research conducted by faculty, staff, and students, on- and off-campus, regardless of the funding support, if any, and its status as an Exempt, Non-Exempt Expedited, or Full Application.
See also: EWU Human Subjects Research Policy
"A systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Activities which meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this policy, whether or not they are conducted or supported under a program which is considered research for other purposes. For example, some demonstration and service programs may include research activities." (45 CFR 46.102)
"A living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains (1) data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or (2) identifiable private information." (45 CFR 46.102)